Dates of some of these may be Western.  These are grabbed from various
newsgroups, mailing lists, and so errors certainly possible.  However,
we can repair them over time if that is the case.

SYLVESTER OF ROME (30 DEC 335) (transferred to Fri 31 Dec)
 
Sylvester (or Silvester) was Bishop of Rome from 314 to 335 -- that
is, from just after the Emperor Constantine's Edict legalizing
Christianity to just before the death of Constantine. He was
represented by delegates at the regional Council of Arles in 314
(called in an attempt to heal the Donatist schism) and at the
ecumenical Council of Nicea in 325 (called to decide the Arian
question). Constantine gave him the Lateran Palace, which became his
cathedral. Little else is known of him. There are later stories of
his dealings with Constantine, but these are totally unhistorical.
We remember him chiefly as a representative of Christian leaders
faced with the problem of how the Church ought to relate to a
surrounding society at least superficially friendly to it.
 
PRAYER (traditional language)
   O God, our Heavenly Father, who didst raise up thy faithful
   servant Sylvester to be a bishop and pastor in thy Church and
   to feed thy flock: Give abundantly to all pastors the gifts of
   thy Holy Spirit, that they may minister in thy household as
   true servants of Christ and stewards of thy divine mysteries;
   through the same Jesus Christ our Lord, who liveth and reigneth
   with thee and the same Spirit, one God, for ever and ever.
 
PRAYER (contemporary language)
   O God, our Heavenly Father, who raised up your faithful servant
   Sylvester to be a bishop and pastor in your Church and to feed
   your flock: Give abundantly to all pastors the gifts of your
   Holy Spirit, that they may minister in your household as true
   servants of Christ and stewards of your divine mysteries;
   through the same Jesus Christ our Lord, who lives and reigns
   with you and the same Spirit, one God, for ever and ever.
 
St. Genevieve (Genofeva):  died c. 500, feast day January 3rd.  Virgin,
patroness of Paris.  Born at Nanterre, Genevieve took the veil at the
age of about fifteen;  on the death of her parents she moved to Paris,
where she continued her chosen life of prayer and austerity.  She was
supported by St. Germanus of Auxerre, who had apparently known her from
childhood.  When the Franks under Childeric besieged Paris, Genevieve is
said to have personally made a sortie with an armed band to obtain
provisions by river from Arcis and Troyes.  She won Childeric's respect,
however, and she built a church in honour of St. Denys.  Clovis also, we
are told, venerated her and released prisoners at her request.  She is also
said to have encouraged the Parisians to avert the coming of Attila and his
Huns by the frequent use of fasting and prayer:  in the event they changed
the route of their march and Paris was spared.
   After her death Genevieve was enshrined in the church of SS. Peter and
Paul (later St. Genevieve's), built by Clovis, where her miracles made it
famous.  The fabric eventually decayed and a new church was begun in 1746,
but was secularized at the Revolution and is called the Pantheon, a burial
place for the worthies of France.  During the Middle Ages the feretory of
Genevieve was carried in procession at times of disaster: her most famous
cures were from an epidemic of ergotism in 1129, but over and over again
Parisians have invoked her in times of national crisis.  Several churches
were dedicated to her there and two in medieval England, where at least
five abbeys celebrated her feast.  Her cult also spread to SW. Germany in
the Middle Ages.  Her shrine and relics were largely destroyed at the
Revolution, but this by no means finished her cult in France.  Many of the
most notable artistic representations of her, continuing traditions from
the late Middle Ages, date from the 17th-19th centuries, including the
frescoes of Puvis de Chavannes in the Pantheon.  Her most usual emblem is a
candle, with or without the devil, who was reputed to have blown it out
when she went to pray at night in the church.
   Her name is in the martyrology of Jerome, so her cult is ancient, but
the Life which purports to be contemporary was written some centuries after
her death.  Consequently little can be asserted about her with certainty,
but her cult has flourished on civic and national pride.
 
6th January:
 
St. Peter of Canterbury (died 607): feast day 6th January:  abbot.  First
abbot of St. Augustine's (then called SS. Peter and Paul), Peter was
probably the monk of that name who was sent by Augustine to give news of
the first Anglo-Saxon conversions to Gregory the Great and who brought back
to England Gregory's replies to Augustine's questions.  Peter was sent
later on a mission to Gaul , but was drowned in the
English Channel in the bay of Ambleteuse (Amfleet).  The local inhabitants,
according to Bede, buried him in an 'unworthy place' but, as the result of
a prodigy of mysterious light appearing over his grave at night, translated
his relics to a church in Boulogne with suitable honour.  At St.
Augustine's, Canterbury, his feast was kept on 30 December; other
authorities give 6 January.
 
(Both passages from 'The Oxford Dictionary of Saints').

CHAD OF LITCHFIELD, BISHOP (2 MAR 672)
 
Chad, Bishop of Litchfield, is perhaps best known for NOT being
Archbishop of York. He received his early training under Aidan at
Lindisfarne, and after further studies in Ireland he became head of
a small abbey near Whitby. He was elected to the See of York and
duly installed, but various persons raised objections (on the
grounds that his consecrators were bishops who (like Aidan, though
not like Chad) followed the old British customs on such things as
the Church calendar rather than following the customs then being
imported from the continent), and rather than cause division in the
Church he withdrew. He was soon after made Bishop of Litchfield in
Mercia. He served there for only two and a half years before his
death, but he made a deep impression. He travelled throughout his
territory on foot, preaching in every town and village that he came
to. In the following decades, many chapels, and many wells, were
constructed in Mercia and named for him.
 
PRAYER (traditional language)
   Almighty God, whose servant Chad, for the peace of the Church,
   relinquished cheerfully the honors that had been thrust upon
   him, only to be rewarded with equal responsibility: Keep us, we
   pray thee, from thinking of ourselves more highly than we ought
   to think, and ready at all times to step aside for others, that
   the cause of Christ may be advanced and thy blessed kingdom
   enlarged; in the name of him who washed his disciples' feet,
   even Jesus Christ our Lord, who liveth and reigneth with thee
   and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and for ever.

DEWI OF CYMRU (DAVID OF WALES), BISHOP (1 MARCH 544?)
 
When the pagan Anglo-Saxons invaded Britain in the fifth and sixth
centuries, many British Christians sought refuge in the hill country
of Wales. There they developed a style of Christian life devoted to
learning, asceticism, and missionary fervor. Since there were no
cities, the centers of culture were the monasteries, and most abbots
were bishops as well. Dewi (David in English) was the founder,
abbot, and bishop of the monastery of Mynyw (Menevia in English) in
Pembrokeshire. He was responsible for much of the spread of
Christianity in Wales, and his monastery was sought out by many
scholars from Ireland and elsewhere. He is commonly accounted the
apostle of Wales, as Patrick is of Ireland. His tomb is in St.
David's cathedral, on the site of ancient Mynyw, now called Ty-Dewi
(House of David).
 
PRAYER (contemporary language)
   Almighty God, who didst call thy servant David to be a faithful
   and wise steward of thy mysteries for the people of Wales:
   Mercifully grant that, following his purity of life and zeal
   for the gospel of Christ, we may with him receive the crown of
   everlasting life; through Jesus Christ our Lord, who liveth and
   reigneth with thee and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and ever.
 
PRAYER (contemporary language)
   Almighty God, who called your servant David to be a faithful
   and wise steward of your mysteries for the people of Wales:
   Mercifully grant that, following his purity of life and zeal
   for the gospel of Christ, we may with him receive the crown of
   everlasting life; through Jesus Christ our Lord, who lives and
   reigns with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and ever.
 
 
Since many participants on this list are on the Julian Calendar,
it is appropriate to write about an observance for Sept 7.
 
Prior to A.D. 687, the Western Church did not observe four of
the Feasts of the Mother of God:
          The Purification or
           Presentation of Our Lord
           (Candlemas)             --Feb. 2
          The Annuciation          --Mar. 25
          The Dormition of
           the Mother of God       --Aug.15
          Nativity of the
           Mother of God           --Sep. 8
 
 
In the calendar attributed to St. Willibrord (d. 739) we find the
name of person who required their addition to the Ordo (Typicon
of the West): _Sergii,_Papae_ on September 7, the Vigil of the
Nativity of the Mother of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Blessed
Virgin Mary.
 
St. Sergius was born in Sicily to Syrian parents.  He was a student
of the _Schola_Cantorum_ (School of Chants) in Palermo.
He served under two Popes, St. Leo II and Conon.
 
St. Sergius was perhaps the most important Roman Patriarch of
the late seventh century.  During his tenure (687-701) rifts
within the Church were healed and missionary zeal flourished
in the West.
 
The Nestorians in Italy (specifically in Aquileia) were converted from
their error and were reunited to the Body of Christ.  This was through
missionary and not military action.  St. Sergius always preferred the
unity of Christ's peace to the false union of the sword.
 
St.Willibrord (the author of the calendar mentioned before) was
consecrated Bishop for the Frisians in 695. The Frisians had
recently been converted in 678.
 
The Wessex as a nation put on Christ in 689 when their King
Caedwalla came to Rome to be Baptized at Easter Liturgy.
 
St. Sergius supported the cause of St. Wilfrid of York who had
been wrongly removed from his diocese in the name of reorganisation
by St. Theodore. St. Theodore had also removed St. Chad. It is to be
noted that in his support of Wilfred, St. Sergius  did not use claims
of supremacy or infallibility, but actions of a mediator.  He,
like St. Gregory before him did not take the titles given to his position
as seriously as did others.  Being born in Sicily, he probably recognized
Mediterranean posturing in grand titles.  No certificates with titles such
as  "Supreme Pontiff" (later Papacy)  or "Ecumenical Patriarch" (Rome
then Constantinople), or "Judge of the Universe" (Alexandria)
were hanging on his office wall.
 
His focus was always on the missionary work of the Church and
the need to express the Christian Faith.
 
Along with the Feasts of the Mother of God mentioned above,
he instituted the chanting of the _Agnus_Dei_ in the Liturgy:
"Lamb of God who takest away the sins of the world, have mercy
 on us.
 Lamb of God who takest away the sins of the world, have mercy
 on us.
 Lamb of God who takest away the sins of the world, grant us peace."
 
 
This hymn is chanted at the Fracture of the Body of our Lord
and signifies the end of the Consecration and that Christ is
truly present in the Body and the Blood.  The Nestorians of
Aquileia must have truly accepted the unity of the Natures of
Christ if they accepted the Proper chants of those feasts and
the addition of the _Agnus_Dei_ before the giving of the
"Peace of Christ" (_Pax_).
 
Other major hymns are attributed to St. Sergius as well.
 
 
St. Sergius was a peacemaker.
But this was not how his Pastorship began.  When Pope Conon died
the election conducted by the clergy and laity of Rome indicated
that two candidates, Archdeacon Paschal and Archpriest Theodore
had each the same number of votes.  It was decided to hold a new
vote and Sergius was selected.  Theodore accepted the election and
supported Sergius, but Paschal did not.  Paschal had previously
offered a bribe to the Byzantine governor who then agreed to support
Paschal's election.  The governor wanted his money and Paschal still
wanted to be Pope.
 
Before the governor would accept the second election, the governor
required that St. Sergius pay the sum offered by Paschal. The
extortion was paid and peace was restored.
 
Another conflict was due to the 695 Quinisext Council.  This council
emphasized the differences between Eastern and Western liturgical
usages and attempted to enforce uniformity to the exclusion of Western
usages.  It also contained rules which would have brought the northern
mission work to an end: such as requiring the construction of massive
church buildings after the imperial model before a single Baptism could
occur.  The emperor Justinian II did not concern himself with the
increase of Christ's Church: he had already sold off Christian territory
in Armenia and other areas to non-Christian Arabs in return for tribute.
His concern was the increased prestige of his imperial city and Quinisext
would give his Patriarch equity with Old Rome and would end Western usages
and missions.
 
The problem was that St. Sergius objected to the articles forcing
uniformity and endangering the missions.  St. Sergius refused to
sign.
 
Justinian II would not accept that position, so he
ordered that St. Sergius be arrested and brought to
Constantinople.  The imperial army was routed by the people of
Rome and the militia from Ravenna.  The general of the
force,  Zacharias (chief of the imperial body guard) was hidden
by St. Sergius in his own home when rioters wanted to
kill the leader of the invaders.  Zacharias and his army were
sent back to Constantinople, avoiding a war.
 
St. Sergius believed in returning good for ill.  As for Justinian II,
he was deposed shortly after this. He was to be restored, but he never
reachieved the power he had before.
 
St. Sergius only taught the leadership of Christ. By that we escape the
mechanations of world princes.
 
                 St. Adomnan (a.k.a. Adamnan, Adam, Eunan)
                 -----------
627-704, abbot of Iona.  He was born in County Donegal (Ireland) and became a
monk at Iona under abbot Seghine, whom he succeeded in 679.  He became famous
both as a writer and as a leading protagonist in Northern Ireland of the
Roman system of calculating Easter.  In 686 he came to Northumbria to obtain
from his former pupil King Aldfrith the release of sixty Irish prisoners,
captured during the reign of Egfrith (670-685).  In 688 Adomnan visited
Ceolfrith of Wearmouth, who converted him from the Iona tradition of Easter
calculation and other practices.  In 692 he took part in Irish synods and
conventions as the ruler of Iona's monasteries in Northern Ireland.  Then and
in 697 he met with considerable success, pleading for the acceptance of the
Easter dates which were kept by Rome and virtually all the Church in the
West.  Only his own monasteries stood out against him.
 
He was also responsible for the Law of Adomnan ("Cain Adomnain") which
protected women by exempting them from going to battle and insisting that
they be treated by all as non-combatants.  Boys and clerics were similarly
protected and provision was made for effective sanctuary.  These rules came
to be accepted all over Ireland.
 
Adomnan's principal work was the famous Life of Columba, abbot of Iona.  This
influential portrait of a charismatic pioneer is one of the most vivid Lives
to be produced in its time.  He also wrote a work on the Holy Places of
Palestine, compiled from information provided by the French bishop Arculfus,
who had been shipwrecked in western Britain.  Bede knew this work, but not
apparently the Life of Columba.
 
After Adomnan's death, Iona accepted the Roman Easter in 716.  His cult
flourished in both Ireland and Scotland with dedications to him in Donegal,
Derry, and Sligo as well as Aberdeenshire, Banff, Forfar and the Western
Isles.  In 727 the relics of Adomnan were brought from Iona to Ireland to
help make peace between the tribes of Adomnan's father and mother.  They were
carried round forty churches which had been under Iona's rule:  the people
swore to obey the Law of Adomnan.  His shrines were desecrated by Northmen in
830 and 1030.  Feast: 23 September.
 
 
		St Boniface
		[David Coomler] 

In case no one posted this, St. Boniface was born about 675- 680 in
Devonshire, England, and was baptized Winfrid.  He was educated by the
Benedictine monks of Exter.   Later he went to
Winchester diocese.  He became a Benedictine monk.

At 30 he became a priest.  In 716 his abbot gave permission for him to
travel to Friesland as a missionary.  He had little success and returned
to his monastery in England, where he was chosen abbot.

IN 719 he went to Rome and obtained permission from Pope Gregory II to
preach in Germany.  He preached in Thuringia, and returned to Friesland
where he found St. Willibrord preaching.  He was consecrated bishop by
Gregory II in 722, and made Mainz the center of his episcopacy in 745,
and later he returned to Friesland.

In Hessia he felled an ancient oak sacred to the pagans at the town of
Fritzlar near Geismar, and is said to have used wood from the great tree
to build a chapel to St. Peter.

In 732 he was made archbishop and apostolic delegate.  He organized the
Church in Bavaria, and arranged sees in Thuringia and Hessia.  In 743 he
anointed Pepin of the Franks.

In later life he preached in Utrecth district of the Netherlands and on
the east coast of the Zuider Zee, shere he was martyred with 52 other by
pagans near Dockum.

His body was interred in the Cathedral of Fulda in 755.  He is considered
the Apostle of Germany.

Boniface is shown as a bishop with an axe in the base of a tree.  He is
often depicted felling an oak tree while pagan priests look
on.  Also he may be shown  in a ship holding a book and a cross.  He is the
patron of brewers and tailors.

			Another Account of Life of St. Boniface


BONIFACE OF GERMANY, BISHOP, MISSIONARY, MARTYR (5 JUNE 754)

Wynfrith, nicknamed Boniface ("good deeds"), was born around 680
near Crediton in Devonshire, England. When he was five, he listened
to some monks who were staying at his father's house. They had
returned from a mission to the pagans on the continent, and Boniface
was so impressed by them that he resolved to follow their example.
Although his father had intended him for a secular career, he gave
way to his son's entreaties and sent him at the age of seven to a
monastery school. He eventually became director of the school at
Nursling, in Winchester, where he wrote the first Latin grammar in
England, and gave lectures that were widely copied and circulated.

At thirty, he was ordained and set out to preach in Friesland
(overlaps with modern Holland), whence he was soon expelled because
of war between its heathen king and Charles Martel of France.
Boniface, after a brief withdrawal, went into Hesse and Bavaria,
having secured the support of the Pope and of Charles Martel for his
work there. In Hesse, in the presence of a large crowd of pagans, he
cut down the Sacred Oak of Geismar, a tree of immense age and girth,
sacred to the god Thor. It is said that after only a few blows of
his axe, the tree tottered and crashed to the ground, breaking into
four pieces and revealing itself to be rotted away within. It was
the beginning of a highly successful misionary effort, and the
planting of a vigorous Christian church in Germany, where Boniface
was eventually consecrated bishop. He asked the Christian Saxons of
England to support his work among their kinsmen on the continent,
and they responded with money, books, supplies, and above all, with
a steady supply of monks to assist him in teaching and preaching.

Boniface did not confine his attentions to Germany. He worked to
establish cooperation between the Pope and others in Italy on the
one hand and Charles and his successors in France on the other. He
persuaded Carloman and Pepin, the sons of Charles, to call synods
for the reform of the church in their territories, where under
previous rulers bishoprics had often been sold to the highest
bidder. He never forgot his initial failure in Friesland, and in old
age resigned his bishopric and returned to work there. Many Frisians
had been converted earlier by Willibrord (another Saxon missionary
from England), but had lapsed after his death. Boniface preached
among them with considerable success. On June 5, the eve of
Pentecost, 754, he was preparing a group of Frisians for
confirmation when they were attacked and killed by heathen warriors.

The historian Christopher Dawson estimates that he has had a greater
influence on the history of Europe than any other Englishman.

PRAYER (traditional language)
   Almighty God, who didst call thy faithful servant Boniface to
   be a witness and martyr in the lands of Germany and Friesland,
   and by his labor and suffering didst raise up a people for
   thine own possession: Pour forth thy Holy Spirit upon thy
   Church in every land, that by the service and sacrifice of many
   thy holy Name may be glorified and thy kingdom enlarged;
   through Jesus Christ our Lord, who liveth and reigneth with
   thee and the same Spirit, one God, for ever and ever.

PRAYER (contemporary language)
   Almighty God, who called your faithful servant Boniface to be a
   witness and martyr in the lands of Germany and Friesland, and
   by his labor and suffering raised up a people for your own
   possession: Pour forth your Holy Spirit upon your Church in
   every land, that by the service and sacrifice of many your holy
   Name may be glorified and your kingdom enlarged; through Jesus
   Christ our Lord, who lives and reigns with you and the Holy
   Spirit, one God, for ever and ever.




[David James]
Hristos voistinu voskrese! If I may be so bold as to reply for Daniel, the
Harold you are inquiring about is probably one you and your wife know well
by another name: St. Mstislav-Harold (in baptism, Theodore). He was
half-English (by his mother, Gytha, the daughter of Harold II, the last
Orthodox king of England, who was slain at the Battle of Hastings in 1066
A.D.) and a quarter Slav and a quarter Greek (by his father, Vladimir
Monomach, Grand Prince of Kiev). His racial origins really ought to be
symbolic for us, and his generosity, courage, love of peace, and
encouragement of church-building ought to be an inspiration for all
English-speaking Orthodox. He reposed in Kiev in 1132/3 and his memory is
kept on April 15/28. There are two other little-known English Orthodox
saints since the Great Schism: the martyr Sir Henry Abbot, slaughtered by
the Turks in Salonica in 1876, feastday: April 30/13 May; and another
martyr, Nicholas Johnson, slain by the Bolsheviks in 1918 in Siberia,
feastday: July 4/17.
 
Source: "The Shepherd," Vol. XV, No. 7, April 1995. For the last two saints,
see "The Shepherd," Dec. 1991.
 
I'm sure I have also seen a listing for "St. Harold, last Orthodox king of
England" in the Calendar printed by St. John of Kronstadt Press, but darned
if I can find it now, and I don't know the background of the listing. If
King Harold II really *is* listed there, there is probably good authority
for it, or Fr. Gregory wouldn't have put it in.
 

Troparion of Saint Comgall   Tone 4
 
O Comgall, Father of monks, thou didst train four thousand monastics. Thou didstkindle Christ's fire in Bangor and thy cell was aglow in pagan darkness. O
friend of Saint Columcille, thou radiancy of Ireland and Scotland, we praise 
God who has glorified thee.